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For documentation on the current version, please check Knowledge Base.

Orbit Mapping Resources - Structure and Configs

This page describes basic technical configurations of Orbit Mapping\UAS Runs and Oblique Projects.

It is strongly recommended to read first


Import Templates

All advanced technical configurations related to the used resources and mobile mapping system are managed via the import template and applied on import, so called “Import configurations”.
Some additional configurations can be added or updated after import, so called “Optional configurations”.

Backwards compatibility and New Features

Orbit is constantly improving tools and software which may result in an update of the files and structure of an Mapping Run\Project.
Backwards compatibility is guaranteed. A newer Orbit release supports mobile mapping runs created by a previous Orbit version. However to take advantage of new features it is required to use the latest file and run structures.

An Orbit Run version 3 uses the “orbit_mm_run.omr” file as reference resource file.
An Orbit Oblique Project version 3 uses the “orbit_oblique.oop” file as reference resource file.
This updated structure has been developed to optimize performance and to use new tools of the Orbit 3DM Content Manager and 3D Mapping Cloud.

For previous version or to convert existing runs\projects into the updated structure, see Orbit Run Versions.

Parameters appearing in GUI

To allow user to enter any parameter through user interface following structures are used:

  • template.parameters: general parameter applicable for the whole Run, currently only PARAM_CRS and PARAM_CRS2 (see below) can be entered in general parameters
  • template.parameters.name_of_the_resource: parameters applicable only for specific resource in the Run

Parameters will be read into corresponding {name_of_the_parameter} variable.

Configurations for Mapping\UAS Runs and Oblique Projects

Add/edit and save the listed files using a standard text editor (e.g. Notepad), respect file formatting and structure.

Source and Target projection system

To allow re-projecting of the data from one projection system to another 2 parameters, entered through GUI, are available

  • Source projection system - PARAM_CRS: projection system (CRS) of the source files. We assume that all source files (trajectory, photo positions, point cloud etc are provided in the same CRS)
  • Target projection system - PARAM_CRS2: final CRS of the Run
There is only one case when Orbit requires re-projecting of the data: in case if the input files are provided in feet-based CRS, we strongly recommend to re-project into corresponding meter based CRS. In all other cases we advise to keep data as is as any conversion introduces in-accuracy.

Redirect image file directory

To avoid file copy into the appropriated Orbit run folder a single line ascii text file can be used to specify the image file path prefix. The file path prefix combined with the OrbitFileName attribute value will be used as file pointer.

  • File :
  • Parameter : not applicable
  • Values : directory path
  • Default Value :
  • Example

Original image file extension

Used image storage format of original images (panorama or planar).

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr; <Orbit Run>/orbit_oblique.oop
  • Parameter : photo.file.extension
  • Values : Any supported image resource can be used, see Supported Geodata Resources.
  • Default Value : *.jpg

Camera Parameters

Height of the camera above ground expressed in meters, use dot as decimal separator. This height is used to display 2D vector data in the 3D mobile mapping views and for the point drop measure function.

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr; <Orbit Run>/orbit_oblique.oop
  • Parameter :
  • Default Value : 2.2
  • Unit : meters

2D Vector Visualization Parameters

Possible range of the offset of 2D vector data to the height of the photo position (presented as a slider in the vector overlay parameters pop-up of the photo viewer).

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr; <Orbit Run>/orbit_oblique.oop
  • Parameters :
  • Default value : 5
  • Unit : meters

Mostly need to be changed for UAS Runs depending on the flying height.

Configurations for Mobile\UAS Mapping Runs Only

Simplified Trajectory

At import of photo positions or trajectory the trajectory simplified (coverage) will be created automatically if does not yet exist. The below settings can be used to adjust the defaults, as used in the example below.

Coordinate will be added if its perpendicular drop distance to the segment between previous and next coordinate is larger than maximum.distance.

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr
  • Parameter : simplified.trajectory.maximum.distance
  • Values : Integer value
  • Units: meter
  • Default Value : 1

Two consecutive original coordinates won't be connected if segment length is larger than part.separation.

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr
  • Parameter : simplified.trajectory.part.separation
  • Values : Integer value
  • Units: meter
  • Default Value : 10

Initial sort of coordinates before connecting to lines is based on the string value of the photo.sequence.key attribute(s). Add prefix zero characters to obtain expected sort when using integer value as sort reference.

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr
  • Parameter : photo.sequence.key
  • Values : Any photo position attribute, a combination of attributes can be used, e.g. OrbitTimeStamp+ObjectId.
  • Default Value : OrbitPhotoId

Generalization of the trajectory visualization for different viewing scales. It is only recomended to change it in case if trajectory recorded with less than 1 point per meter.

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_mm_run.omr
  • Parameter : simplified.overlay.size.pixels
  • Values : Integer value
  • Units: meter
  • Default Value : 10


version 3
project.type generic
project.file orbit_mm_run.omr 2.20
simplified.trajectory.maximum.distance 1
simplified.trajectory.part.separation 10
photo.sequence.key OrbithPhotoId

If any of the parameters are changed after a Run was already imported the simplified trajectory needs to be recalculated. In order that to happen:
- Delete trajectory_simplified.ovt
- Open the Run –> Edit Run –> Re-Import Panorama. When you import panorama's photo positions the simplified trajectory will be recalculated

Configurations for Oblique Projects Only

Mean terrain height. The value is used as a fall back value for the areas with missing DEM

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_oblique.oop
  • Parameter : reference.z
  • Unit : meter
  • Default value : 0

reference.pan Photo orientation offset (heading) between the reference north direction and the actual north flying axis.

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_oblique.oop
  • Parameter : reference.pan
  • Unit : degrees
  • default value : 0°
  • Positive rotation : clockwise

Photo orientation maximal deviation (heading) from the corrected reference directions (see above reference.pan) and the according flying axes (north, east, south, west).

  • File : <Orbit Run>/orbit_oblique.oop
  • Parameter : near.margin
  • Unit : degrees
  • Default value : 10°
  • Positive rotation : not applicable as this is an absolute value
Last modified:: 2019/03/25 11:36